Ethnic Groups China, a large united multi-national state, is composed of 56 ethnic groups. Han Chinese account for These numerous ethnic groups share China's vast lands but at the same time many live in their individual communities.
The Chinese refer to their country as the Middle Kingdom, an indication of how central they have felt themselves to be throughout history. There are cultural and linguistic variations in different regions, but for such a large country the culture is relatively uniform.
However, fifty-five minority groups inhabit the more remote regions of the country and have their own unique cultures, languages, and customs.
China has a land area of 3, square miles 9, square kilometersmaking it the world's third largest nation. It borders thirteen countries, including Russia and Mongolia to the north, India to the southwest, and Myanmar, Laos, and Vietnam to the south.
The climate is extremely diverse, ranging from tropical in the south to subarctic in the north. In the west, the land consists mostly of mountains, high plateaus, and desert. The eastern regions are characterized by plains, deltas, and hills.
The highest point is Mount Everest, on the border between Tibet and Nepal, the tallest mountain in the world. The Yangtze, the longest river in the country, forms the official dividing line between north and south China.
The Yangtze sometimes floods badly, as does the Yellow River to the north, which, because of the damage it has caused, is called "China's sorrow.
In the early s “democracy” had the same meaning as it did in the West—and after the fall of the Qing dynasty China even held real elections in – But democracy didn’t stick. Latest environmental news, features and updates. Pictures, video and more. Territory controlled by the Republic of China: Taiwan Island, Penghu, Kinmen, Matsu Islands, Dongsha Islands and Taiping Island.
Inner China and Outer China. Historically, the two have been very separate. The Great Wall, which was built in the fifteenth century to protect the country against military invasions, marks the division.
While the areas of the two regions are roughly equal, 95 percent of the population lives in Inner China. The country is home to several endangered species, including the giant panda, the golden monkey, several species of tiger, the Yangtze alligator, and the red-crowned crane.
While outside organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund have made efforts to save these animals, their preservation is not a top priority for the government. China is the most populous nation on earth; inthe estimated population was 1,, over one-fifth of the world's population.
Sichuan, in the central region, is the most densely populated province. Many of the minority groups live in Outer China, although the distribution has changed slightly over the years. The government has supported Han migration to minority territories in an effort to spread the population more evenly across the country and to control the minority groups in those areas, which sometimes are perceived as a threat to national stability.
The rise in population among the minorities significantly outpaces that of the Han, as the minority groups are exempt from the government's one-child policy.
Mandarin Chinese is the official language. It is also called Putonghua and is based on the Beijing dialect. Modern spoken Chinese, which replaced the classical language in the s, is called bai hua.
The writing system has not changed for thousands of years and is the same for all the dialects. It is complex and difficult to learn China and consists of almost sixty thousand characters, although only about five thousand are used in everyday life.
The first introduction of the concept of modern democracy into China is credited to exiled Chinese writer Liang Qichao. In , he participated in protests in Beijing for increased popular participation during the late Qing Dynasty, the last ruling dynasty of China. The flaws in China’s political system are obvious. The government doesn’t even make a pretense of holding national elections and punishes those who openly call for multiparty rule. Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green.
Unlike other modern languages, which use phonetic alphabets, Chinese is written in pictographs and ideographs, symbols that represent concepts rather than sounds. The communist government, in an attempt to increase literacy, developed a simplified writing system.
There is also a system, called pinyin, of writing Chinese words in Roman characters. Chinese is a tonal language: Many of the dialects are so different that they are mutually unintelligible. Some minority groups have their own languages. The flag has a red background with a yellow star in the upper left-hand corner and four smaller yellow stars in a crescent formation to its right.
The color red symbolizes the revolution.The first introduction of the concept of modern democracy into China is credited to exiled Chinese writer Liang Qichao.
In , he participated in protests in Beijing for increased popular participation during the late Qing Dynasty, the last ruling dynasty of China.
Area controlled by the People's Republic of China shown in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled regions shown in light green. Latest environmental news, features and updates.
Pictures, video and more. Such a concept of democracy – combined with a view of revolution emphasizing class struggle over individual rights – puts Mao in opposition to the ideals of Charter 08, which advocates representative democracy and protection of the individual. China is for the most part an extremely homogeneous society composed of a people who share one language, culture, and history.
The government recognizes fifty-five minority groups that have their own distinct cultures and traditions. China is the world's most populous country. It has a continuous culture stretching back nearly 4, years and originated many of the foundations of the modern world.
The People's Republic of.