Research councils uk business plan competition

In a statement made on the last day before the Parliamentary recess, Chris Grayling confirmed that whilst the line from London to Kettering would be electrified byand a section between Clay Cross in Derbyshire and Sheffield will be electrified by to allow HS2 trains to serve the city — plans to complete electrification through Derby, Leicester and Nottingham have been cancelled.

Research councils uk business plan competition

Further information Why license research data? While practice varies from discipline to discipline, there is research councils uk business plan competition increasing trend towards the planned release of research data.

The need for data licensing arises directly from such releases, so the first question to ask is why research data should be released at all. A significant number of research funders now require that data produced in the course of the research they fund should be made available for other researchers to discover, examine and build upon.

The rationale given by UK funders is that opening up the data allows for new knowledge to be discovered through comparative studies, data mining and so on; it also allows greater scrutiny of how research conclusions have been reached, potentially driving up research quality.

The availability of the data, alongside associated tools and protocols, increases the efficiency of research by reducing both data collection costs and the possibility of duplication.

It also has the potential to increase the impact of the research, not only academically, [5] but also economically and socially.

Merely releasing data without making clear their terms of use can be somewhat counter-productive, though. The default legal position on how data may be used in any given context is hard to untangle, not least because different jurisdictions apply different standards of creativity, skill, labour and expense when judging whether copyright or similar rights pertain.

The situation is complicated by the fact that different aspects of a database — field values i. In Australia, creativity is not relevant but originality is. Originality is judged on a range of factors, including skill and labour, but the skill and labour have to relate directly to the work in question: The thrust of the database right is that users may not extract or reuse more than an insubstantial part of the contents without authorisation from the compiler, unless certain exemptions apply.

One of the exemptions is for teaching and scientific research, but as the EU Database Directive does not commit Member States to respecting it, it may not apply in all European countries. Indeed, another potential source of confusion are the variations between jurisdictions in what can be done with copyright material.

While the Berne Convention [9] provides a level of consistency among its signatories — which includes most but by no means all countries — there are still variations in the exemptions that each jurisdiction provides, and subtle differences concerning, for example, which acts count as copying, and what constitutes an insubstantial use or extract of a work.

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The latter is an important point because the exemptions to copyright and database rights permit a dataset to be compiled from insubstantial extracts from a number of other datasets, [10] but the fact of whether the extracts are indeed insubstantial might be contested.

With all these complexities and ambiguities surrounding the rights of database compilers, reusers need clear guidance from compilers on what they are allowed to do with the data. Licensing concepts The two most effective ways of communicating permissions to potential reusers of data are licences and waivers.

A licence in this context is a legal instrument for a rights holder to permit a second party to do things that would otherwise infringe on the rights held.

The first thing to note is that only the rights holder or someone with a right or licence to act on their behalf can grant a licence; it is therefore imperative that the intellectual property rights IPR pertaining to the data are established before any licensing takes place.

The second thing to note is that while it is the nature of a licence to expand rather than restrict what a licensee can do, some licences are presented within contracts, and contracts can place additional restrictions on the licensee and indeed the licensor.

Again, only the entity that holds the rights or someone with a right or licence to act on their behalf can waive them.

research councils uk business plan competition

Note that a waiver does not authorise other parties to claim rights — as opposed to freedoms — they did not previously have. Common terms Licences typically grant permissions on condition that certain terms are met. While the precise details vary, three conditions commonly found in licences are attribution, copyleft, and non-commerciality.

An attribution requirement means that the licensor must be given due credit for the work when it is distributed, displayed, performed, or used to derive a new work. A copyleft requirement means that any new works derived from the licensed one must be released under the same license, and only that licence.

The intent of a non-commercial licence is to prevent the licensee from exploiting the work commercially. While these all have their uses, they can cause problems in the context of datasets.

Datasets are particularly prone to attribution stacking, where a derivative work must acknowledge all contributors to each work from which it is derived, no matter how distantly. If a dataset is at the end of a long chain of derivations, or if large teams of contributors were involved, the list of credits might well be considered too unwieldy.

Some licenses and licensors tackle this problem by specifying lightweight attribution mechanisms.The business plan There is no right or wrong layout for a business plan. and with anecdotal evidence), and the ‘competition’ i.e. anyone else offering similar services (describe any feasibility study work or market research you have carried out, but present the full results in an appendix).

You could provide details of any type. PRIVACY ACT AND PUBLIC BURDEN STATEMENTS The information requested on proposal forms and project reports is solicited under the authority of the National Science Foundation Act of , as amended.

The Research Councils' Follow-on Fund (plus a range of other Council-specific schemes) supports 'proof-of-concept' type work, the RCUK Business Plan Competition provides training and mentoring in the development of business skills, and Enterprise Training develops researchers' entrepreneurial skills.

May 05,  · Election pages from local councils Including registering to vote, full lists of local candidates, important dates, etc, etc [some of this will not appear until closer to the election] Edinburgh.

This article examines the relationship between the UK's research councils, which are responsible for funding research in British universities and the development, execution and dissemination of. Several scientist groups applauded Monday's announcement and Research Councils UK (RCUK), which funnels public money into the medical and biological sciences, also lauded the move.

Knowledge exchange — Vitae Website