LaVigna and Thomas J.
Promoting behavioral success in schools: Given this emphasis in these articles on the applied use of behavioral practices, the purpose of this brief commentary is to highlight and comment on some of the big ideas that link these practitioner-focused articles.
Specifically, three main questions are addressed: A commentary on an article by Atkins, Graczyk, Frazier, and Abdul-Adil that appeared in this issue on pp. In their article, Atkins et al. The writer Skill set behavior assessment general Atkins et al.
He seeks to expand Atkins et al. Supporting Successful Transition to Kindergarten: General Challenges and Specific Implications for Students with Problem Behavior The purpose of this review is to present factors that impede and promote successful transition to kindergarten, with a focus on the specific needs of students with problem behavior.
The review addresses competencies that teachers report are critical for success in kindergarten, traditional transition practices, and challenges in implementing transition practices. Suggestions are provided to begin to attend to some of the issues affecting successful transition for children with challenging behavior and include an overarching framework to better support transition practices and specific suggestions for appropriate supports.
Issues of personal dignity and social validity in school-wide systems of positive behavior support This article provides an analysis of issues related to personal dignity and social validity in schools. Specifically, dignity is defined in terms of individual success and independence, while social validity is defined in terms of the system as a whole.
These definitions are explored in the context of schoolwide systems of positive behavior support PBS. Descriptions of schoolwide systems of PBS are used to analyze and detail procedures that maintain respect for personal dignity and social validity.
In addition, processes for engaging persons in this discussion are critically analyzed. Future development and growth of PBS as a technology-based approach to developing self-determined, independent, and successful persons is discussed.
Direction is suggested in the way we consider issues, define our values, and engage others in systemic change efforts. Coaching positive behavior support in school settings: Tactics and data-based decision-making Systems of positive behavior support PBS that positively affect student performance involve consensus among stakeholders, the development of environments that facilitate student success, effective teaching of rules and procedures, and consistent consequences for behavior.
Evaluation of such systems requires schools to collect data to assess performance and to use that information to make data-based decisions. However, surveys indicate that data collection and data-based decision making are among the most difficult components of PBS for school personnel to tackle.
This article examines in-person coaching strategies and data use. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions, 7 4.
In this study, selected staff members from four elementary schools were trained in how to use the outcomes of an FBA to develop function-based intervention plans. They then formed school-based intervention teams and served as facilitators for a total of 31 cases.
The same cases also were distributed to three national FBA experts who selected interventions based on the identified function for each case. The number and type of selected intervention strategies were recorded and analyzed across cases.
Comparisons between team and expert intervention strategy selection revealed that school-based personnel in this study were more likely to select punitive and exclusionary strategies, regardless of function.
Thus, in real-world school settings, the link between FBA and intervention is far more complex than has been recognized or discussed in the literature.
Discussion focuses on possible explanations for the finding that school-based teams tend to gravitate toward more negative and exclusionary strategies, even when mediated by a trained FBA facilitator.
Making a Case for Effectiveness and Efficiency. Behavioral Disorders, 29 2 Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, schools have a legal obligation to conduct functional behavior assessments FBAs when developing intervention plans for students with disabilities whose behaviors lead their individualized education program teams to consider a change in educational placement, including suspension and expulsion.
However, FBA also holds significant promise as a procedure to be used proactively with students with behavioral challenges who are educated in part, or wholly, in general education classrooms. Unfortunately, current conceptualizations of FBA as a methodologically rigorous procedure pose significant and possibly insurmountable barriers to proactive implementation in general education settings.
The authors analyze these barriers through a targeted review of the literature, an examination of how the characteristics of general education settings promote the use of less demanding FBA methodologies, and a consideration of situations in which certain FBA procedures generally are contraindicated.
Finally, they advocate an active research agenda that is responsive to the particular challenges of public school settings and FBA students with and at risk for mild disabilities. Preventing School Failure, 50 1 Functional behavior assessment FBA is an integral component of a positive behavior support approach to preventing problem behavior across all students in the school.
As primary prevention, FBA is a collaborative school-wide practice to predict common problems and to develop school-wide interventions. As secondary prevention, FBA involves simple and realistic team-driven assessment and intervention strategies aimed at students with mildly challenging behaviors.Boost PBIS by involving students in setting ground rules for positive behavior.
Applied behavior analysis (ABA) is a scientific discipline concerned with applying techniques based upon the principles of learning to change behavior of social significance. It is the applied form of behavior analysis; the other two forms are radical behaviorism (or the philosophy of the science) and the experimental analysis of behavior (or basic experimental research).
A. A1C A form of hemoglobin used to test blood sugars over a period of time. ABCs of Behavior An easy method for remembering the order of behavioral components: Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence.
Teaching Appropriate Behavior. Teachers can use eight systematic steps to promote behavior changes in their students. These steps can be followed loosely to address minor problem behaviors or incorporated into a formal behavior assessment, called a Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA), which will be discussed later in this module.
Section 1I - Sample Tools & Strategies 7 Sample Professional Development and Assessment Tools The assessment tools included here are offered as specific examples or suggestions of ways the. Additional Articles. School-Wide Positive Behavior Support and Response to Intervention; Integrating Academic and Behavior Supports Within an RtI Framework, Part 2: Universal Supports.