The relationship between demography and sociology

Social Stratification Social Stratification Definition Social stratification is a process in which social inequalities exist in the form of structural hierarchical strata, placed one above the other. According to Sutherland and Maxwell social stratification is defined as a process of differentiation that places some people higher than the others.

The relationship between demography and sociology

Till recently, population studies were generally regarded as a branch of sociology, or economics, or even geography. Most of the variables and the theories which explain demographic Phenomena originate in the social sciences.

What is the relationship between Sociology and Anthropology?

The theory of demographic transition is based on an understanding of such other disciplines as economics, sociology, political science, psychology, anthropology and geography. Many of the fertility theories are based on biology, sociology and economics.

The changes in the birth rate cannot be explained as independent phenomena. Rather, their Plan nations have to be sought in the changing economic, social, rural, psychological and political situations in which they occur.

In recent times, another dimension has been added study of population: Though it is possible to speak broadly of the inter-relationship between population studies and the social and the behavioural sciences considered together, it would be useful to consider each of the social and behavioural sciences separately to understand their inter-relationships.

Davis has referred to the following areas of study which require a combination of demographic and sociological skills: Even in the study of mortality, age and sex differentials, though biologically determined, may have sociological bases, and, therefore, need to be recognised as such.

Broom Selznick treat population as one of the nine principal "elements of sociological analysis" for the discussion of six special topics, that is, family, city, minorities, industrial sociology, political sociology and criminal behaviour. It, therefore, appears that along with social organisation, culture, socialisation, primary groups, social stratification, associations, collective behaviour and ecology, populations is an important element in sociological analysis.

Several questions connected with family planning and fertility regulation can be answered only when the reproductive behaviour of individuals is understood in the context of the social standards cultural norms which influence and govern such behaviour. For instance some questions, which are often asked, are: How is it determined?

Is it possible to modify this norm by stimulating planned change? Movements from rural to urban areas can also be studied only by understanding the motivation behind such migrations. The study of population is an important area of investigation in the field of economics, specially since problems of economic development and development planning have come to the forefront in most developing countries.

In order to gain a better understanding of the relationship between population trends and economic growth the following topics have emerged over the years and continue to occupy an important place, both in economics and population studies: It has been even claimed that the number and quality of the population that can exist on the earth in the future will depend on, among other factors, economic opportunities and economic organisation.

Students of population studies are usually interested in the geographical distribution of the population and its movements between rural and urban areas. Those geographers, who are interested in geography not only as an academic discipline but as a geographic point of view to understand the world, point out that it is useful to know how the various issues facing the world for instance, rapid population growth, urbanisation, race relations, etc.1.

It is largely for accidental reasons of historical development that sociology and demography exhibit the mutual isolation and indifference so often observed between the two sciences. Sociology: Sociology, a social science that studies human societies, their interactions, and the processes that preserve and change them.

The relationship between demography and sociology

It does this by examining the dynamics of constituent parts of societies such as institutions, communities, populations, and gender, racial, or age groups. Sociology . Read about Social Stratification and Sociology Guide. The process by which individuals and groups are ranked in a more or less enduring hierarchy of status is known as stratification.

Various aspects of the relationship between religion and science have been cited by modern historians of science and religion, philosophers, theologians, scientists, and others from various geographical regions and cultures. Even though the ancient and medieval worlds did not have conceptions resembling the modern understandings of "science" and "religion", certain elements of .

General Overview. Scholars of masculinity discuss men and masculinity as socially constructed.

The relationship between demography and sociology

Rather than focusing on biological universals, social and behavioral scientists investigate the different meanings that masculinity and femininity have in different contexts.

The relation between sociology and anthropology is widely recognized today. In fact, anthropologist Kroeber pointed out that the two- sciences are twin sisters.

Robert Redfied writes that viewing the whole United States, one say that the relations between sociology and anthropology are closer than.

Relation of Demography with Other Sciences